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Canberra Region

About the area

Name origin

Upper Lachlan Shire is named after the Lachlan River, which forms the north-western boundary of the Shire. The Lachlan River was named after Lachlan Macquarie, Governor of New South Wales, 1809-1821.

Location and boundaries

Upper Lachlan Shire is located in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, about 240 kilometres south-west of the Sydney CBD and 140 kilometres north of the Canberra CBD. Upper Lachlan Shire is bounded by Cowra Shire, the Bathurst Regional Council area and the Oberon Council area in the north, Wollondilly Shire and Wingecarribee Shire in the east, the Goulburn Mulwaree Council area, the Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional Council area and the Yass Valley Council area in the south, and the Hilltops Council area in the west.

Included areas

Upper Lachlan Shire encompasses the localities of Bannaby, Bannister, Bellmount Forest (part), Bevendale, Biala, Big Hill, Bigga, Binda, Blakney Creek, Brayton (part), Breadalbane, Broadway, Chatsbury, Collector (part), Crooked Corner, Crookwell, Cullerin, Currawang (part), Curraweela, Dalton, Fullerton, Golspie, Grabben Gullen, Greenwich Park (part), Gunning, Gurrundah, Jerrawa, Lade Vale, Laggan, Lerida (part), Limerick, Lost River, Merrill, Middle Arm (part), Mount Werong (part), Myrtleville, Narrawa, Oolong, Peelwood, Pejar, Pomeroy (part), Richlands, Roslyn, Stonequarry, Taralga, Tarlo (part), Tuena, Wayo (part), Wheeo, Wiarborough (part), Wollogorang (part), Wombeyan Caves (part), Woodhouselee (part) and Yalbraith.

Land use

Upper Lachlan Shire is predominantly rural, with settlement based mainly in the township of Crookwell, the smaller townships of Gunning and Taralga, and the villages and centres of Bigga, Binda, Breadalbane, Collector, Dalton, Grabben Gullen, Jerrawa, Laggan and Tuena. The Shire encompasses a total land area of about 7,100 square kilometres. Rural land is used mainly for agriculture, particularly sheep and cattle grazing, with some wheat, crop and potato growing and viticulture. Tourism is also an important industry.

Transport

Upper Lachlan Shire is served by the Hume Highway, the Federal Highway and the Melbourne-Sydney railway line.

Settlement history

European settlement of the area dates from the 1820s, with land used mainly for grazing and crop growing, and later some potato growing. Population was minimal until the 1840s. Growth took place from the 1850s into the late 1800s when several townships and villages were established, spurred by gold mining and the opening of the railway line from Sydney. Expansion resumed during the post-war years, with population decline from the 1960s. The population of the Shire fluctuated slightly between 1991 and 2011, but generally remained at about 7,000 people.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Upper Lachlan Shire were the Gundungurra Aboriginal people.

Regional labour force

Upper Lachlan Shire labour force region is defined by an area in which a significant percentage of workers travelled into Upper Lachlan Shire to work at the 2011 Census. Details of this calculation and a list of areas included can be found in the data notes.

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