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Greater Taree City

About the area

Location and boundaries

Greater Taree City is located on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales, in the Manning Valley, about 320 kilometres north of the Sydney CBD. Greater Taree City is bounded by the Walcha Council area and the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council area in the north, the Tasman Sea in the east, the Great Lakes Council area in the south and Gloucester Shire in the west.

Included areas

Greater Taree City includes the townships and localities of Belbora (part), Black Head, Bobin, Bohnock, Bootawa, Brimbin, Bucca Wauka, Bulga Forest, Bundook (part), Bunyah (part), Burrell Creek, Cabbage Tree Island, Caffreys Flat, Caparra, Cedar Party, Cells River, Comboyne (part), Coopernook, Cooplacurripa, Coralville, Croki, Crowdy Bay National Park, Crowdy Head, Cundle Flat, Cundletown, Diamond Beach, Dingo Forest, Dollys Flat, Dumaresq Island, Dyers Crossing, Elands (part), Firefly, Ghinni Ghinni, Glenthorne, Hallidays Point, Hannam Vale, Harrington, Hillville, Johns River, Jones Island, Karaak Flat, Khatambuhl, Killabakh, Killawarra, Kimbriki, Kippaxs, Kiwarrak, Knorrit Flat, Knorrit Forest, Koorainghat, Krambach, Kundibakh, Kundle Kundle, Langley Vale, Lansdowne, Lansdowne Forest, Manning Point, Marlee, Melinga, Mitchells Island, Mondrook, Mooral Creek, Moorland, Moto, Mount George, Nabiac (part), Number One, Old Bar, Oxley Island, Pampoolah, Possum Brush, Purfleet, Rainbow Flat, Red Head, Saltwater, Stewarts River, Strathcedar, Tallwoods Village, Taree, Taree South, The Bight, Tinonee, Tipperary, Upper Lansdowne, Waitui, Wallabi Point, Wang Wauk, Wherrol Flat, Wingham and Yarratt Forest.

Land use

Greater Taree City is a predominantly rural area, with some residential, industrial and commercial land use. Greater Taree encompasses a total land area of 3,752 square kilometres, of which a large proportion is State Forest and National Park, including beaches, coastline, waterways and mountains. Much of the rural area is used for timber getting and agriculture, with dairy and beef production being the main agricultural pursuits. In more recent years there have been an increasing number of viticulture industries. The City has two main townships with many small villages and localities. The largest town is Taree, followed by Wingham, with other major population centres being Old Bar, Harrington and Hallidays Point.

Transport

Greater Taree City is served by the Pacific Highway and Taree Airport.

Settlement history

European settlement dates from exploration in 1818, although few people lived in the area until the 1840s. Timber-getting and timber mills were established from the 1820s, with timber remaining an important industry today. In 1843 Wingham became the first township settlement, functioning as a river port for the cedar trade. There was some growth in the area in the 1860s and 1880s with arrival of the pastoralists, who mainly used the land for dairying. Some residential development occurred after the opening of the railway line in 1913, when commercial expansion took off. This growth resulted in Taree becoming the main town centre of the area. Significant growth occurred in the post-war years, especially from 1940, when the Martin Bridge was built, allowing easy passage to Taree from the south. Growth was also aided by the tourism boom in the 1960s, particularly in the coastal areas. The main agricultural pursuits shifted to beef cattle farming by the late 1900s. The population grew slightly during the 1990s, rising from about 40,000 in 1991 to nearly 43,000 in 2001. Growth continued from 2001, with the population rising to nearly 46,000 in 2011.

Indigenous background

The original occupiers of the Greater Taree area were the Biripi Aboriginal people.

Regional labour force

Greater Taree City labour force region is defined by an area in which a significant percentage of workers travelled into Greater Taree City to work at the 2011 Census. Details of this calculation and a list of areas included can be found in the data notes.

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