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Indicators - Estimate Resident Population

Populations are counted and estimated in various ways. The most comprehensive population count available in Australia is derived from the Population and Household Census conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics every 5 years.

However the Census count is not the official population of an area. To provide a more accurate population figure which is updated more frequently than every 5 years, the Australian Bureau of Statistics also produces "Estimated Resident Population" (ERP) numbers. Based on population estimates as at 30 June, ERPs take into account people who missed the count on Census night, including people who were temporarily overseas, plus an undercount adjustment for those who did not complete a Census form, and an overcount adjustment for anyone who was double counted.

Estimated Resident Population figures are updated annually taking into account births, deaths, internal and overseas migration. In addition, after every Census, ERP figures for the five previous years are "backcast", using information from the current Census, to ensure the most accurate figures are available.

See the ABS demographic publications, 3101.0 and 3218.0 for further details.

Gross Regional Product (GRP)

The gross domestic product (GDP) is one of the measures of national income and output for a country’s economy. It is the total value of all final goods and services produced in the economy. GDP provides a systematic statistical framework for summarising and analysing economic events, and wealth of an economy.

In Australia, the ABS is responsible for calculating National (GDP) and State (GSP) Gross Product. See ABS Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product(Catalogue Number 5206.0) for more information.

Data source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product, (catalogue number 5206.0)

For the local area this information is synthesized by National Economics using a range of data sources (including ABS labour force survey, tax office and Centrelink datasets) to produce an estimate of the Gross Regional Product of the local economy. GRP is the equivalent of GDP at the local level for a Local Government Area or region, and the calculation method simulates that used for the nation, but is influenced by local characteristics such as types of employment and worker productivity. For more information see National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR)

To enable direct comparison between areas of varying size (eg. local, state, national), each year of data is divided by the base reference year and multipled by 100 so that all areas are compared on the same scale. The actual size of the economy, and growth is shown in the box at the left. All data are expressed in constant dollar terms for the reference year (shown on the chart).

Indicators - Unemployment

Please note that the local unemployment data are sourced from Small Area Labour Markets, a quarterly publication by the Department of Employment and Workplace Relations. State and National figures are sourced from the ABS Labour Force Survey (Catalogue number 6202.0). The Department of Employement data uses the labour force survey as a base, and models it to local level using Centrelink data. Local unemployment is updated quarterly in this collection, and while state and national figures are available monthly, these are also updated on the site quarterly to match the time period of the local numbers.

All labour force data are subject to sampling error, as they are derived from a sample survey of approximately 29,000 dwellings nationwide.

All labour force data relate to the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

The definition of unemployment used is the standard ABS and international definition - Unemployed persons are defined as all persons aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and either had actively looked for full-time or part-time work at any time in the four weeks up to the end of the reference week and were available for work in the reference week, or were waiting to start a new job within four weeks from the end of the reference week and could have started in the reference week if the job had been available then.

Employed persons are those aged 15 years or over who, during the survey reference week, worked for one hour or more for pay, profit or payment in kind in a job or business, or on a farm; or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a farm; or who had a job but were not at work for a number of specified reasons; or were employers or self-employed persons who had a job, business or farm, but were not at work.

Indicators - Building approvals

Value of building approval data are sourced from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, Catalogue number 8731.0 – Building Approvals, Australia. This is a monthly publication, with the data here presented quarterly. Data may be revised up to a year after publication.

The value of approval data includes all approved residential building valued at $10,000 or more and all approved non-residential building valued at $50,000 or more. Value of building work excludes the value of land, and also excludes landscaping, but includes site preparation costs. Both new dwellings and alterations and additions to existing dwellings are included in the residential approvals.

Data presented here are the "Original" series, which has not been seasonally adjusted or smoothed to remove anomalies. Seasonal adjustment is not available at a local level, so for comparison purposes the state and national figures shown here are also "Original". Seasonally adjusted and trend figures are more often reported on a national basis by the ABS and the media, so for this reason, the figures shown here may not match those often reported.

Indicators - Retail trade

(not available for local area)

Retail Trade trends are based on estimates of turnover compiled from the monthly Retail Business Survey (RBS) undertaken by the ABS. It estimates of the value of turnover of retail businesses classified by industry, and by state and territory. It is not available for local areas. See ABS Retail Trade catalogue number 8501.0 for more details.

Data source: Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retail Trade , (catalogue number 8501.0)

Indicators - Consumer Price Index (CPI)

(not available for local area)

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures quarterly changes in the price of a 'basket' of goods and services which account for a high proportion of expenditure by the CPI population group (i.e. metropolitan households). This 'basket' covers a wide range of goods and services, arranged in the following eleven groups:

  • Food
  • Alcohol and tobacco
  • Clothing and footwear
  • Housing
  • Household contents and services
  • Health
  • Transportation
  • Communication
  • Recreation
  • Education
  • Financial and insurance services.

The Consumer Price Index is measured for Greater Capital City regions only, so the state capital is used as a proxy for the whole state, and the Australia-wide index is correctly termed as the "Weighted average of eight capital cities".

CPI is an index designed to measure change over time. See ABS Consumer Price Index, (catalogue number 6401.0) for more details.

Data source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Consumer Price Index , (catalogue number 6401.0)

Employment by industry (Census)

Employment data is sourced from the ABS Census. It is the total number of persons employed in an industry sector, within the local area. It is based on the ABS coding of workplace addresses, not on residential location. This dataset should NOT be compared with National Economics modelled datasets on number of workers, which are a more accurate representation and updated every year. Census counts of employment are useful because they can break down to a more detailed level of industry classification than the modelled dataset, and can also present various demographic characteristics of the workers. However it needs to be remembered that they are an undercount of the true employment and exclude

  1. People who didn't state their employment status.
  2. People who have no fixed place of work and therefore are not coded to a workplace address.
  3. People whose workplace address was unable to be coded by the ABS to a valid location.
  4. People who were entirely missed in the Census.

On average, for 2011, Census counts of employment are expected to be a 15% undercount of the true employment in an area, of which 12.5% is due to poor address coding by the ABS in 2011 (coding was significantly worse in 2011 than in the previous 2 Censuses). In some areas it may be as high as 25%. Modelled estimates are also updated annually, while Census data are only updated every 5 years. Please use these Census figures with caution when assessing local employment numbers.

This table presents information at the ANZSIC 1-digit (division) level, with sub-categories available at the 3-digit (group) level. A total of 293 industry categories are available at this level, by clicking on the table entries, or exporting the full version of the table. Only division level data appear in the charts.

Residential location of workers

This dataset is known as Journey to Work, and is derived from Census question 41 – "For the main job held last week, what was the person's workplace address?" With residential address also known, Journey to Work comprises a matrix linking origin (residence) and work destination.

The data presented here in table form show the Statistical Local Area of residence for employed persons who work within Hume City. The map shows the spatial distribution of these workers.

Please note that the workforce in a Local Government Area calculated from Census data is generally considered to be an undercount, due to the number of people whose workplace address was not stated, could not be accurately coded, or stated a non-permanent workplace address ('no fixed place of work'). These people appear in the employment data at their residential location but cannot be coded to a work destination.

In 2011, a record number (over 1 million or 10% of employed persons) have been coded to an undefined work destination which cannot be mapped, and so these are excluded from the working population. For this reason some LGAs may notice an apparent drop in their Census-based workforce numbers between 2006 and 2011. While only 2011 data are presented here, this is most likely the reason.

If comparing work destination information with Method of Travel to work, please note the differing time periods – Workplace address relates to the week prior to Census, while Method of Travel relates to the morning of Census day. This has a negligible effect on the total counts but can explain some of the small numbers of strange LGA-LGA pairings which crop up such as people appearing to travel interstate to work. Some of these may be genuinely Fly-in/Fly-out workers (likely if the work destination is a known mining area), but others may have moved address in the differing timeframes assessed by the two questions.

Work location of residents

This dataset is known as Journey to Work, and is derived from Census question 41 – "For the main job held last week, what was the person's workplace address?" With residential address also known, Journey to Work comprises a matrix linking origin (residence) and work destination.

The data presented here in table form show the Statistical Local Area of work destination for employed persons who live within Hume City. The map shows the spatial distribution of where these residents work.

Please note that not all employed persons can be accurately coded to a workplace address. In 2011, a record number (over 1 million or 10% of employed persons) have been coded to an undefined work destination. These undefined locations are broken down by state, and shown in the table, but they cannot be mapped, as there is no information on the geographic location of work apart from their state.

For this reason, there may be difficulty comparing 2011 work destination data to 2006, and only 2011 data are presented here. This very large increase in undefined workplace location is believed to be due to the change to the new geography standard (ASGS), and the inefficient coding mechanisms used to code to it.

If comparing work destination information with Method of Travel to work, please note the differing time periods – Workplace address relates to the week prior to Census, while Method of Travel relates to the morning of Census day. This has a negligible effect on the total counts but can explain some of the small numbers of strange LGA-LGA pairings which crop up such as people appearing to travel interstate to work. Some of these may be genuinely Fly-in/Fly-out workers (likely if the work destination is a known mining area), but others may have moved address in the differing timeframes assessed by the two questions.

For more information please refer to the data quality statement for Place of Work on the ABS website.

Residents place of work

This data describes the work location (LGA/SLA) of employed residents of the local area. Journey to Work data is created by cross tabulating a person’s main workplace address (Place of Work Data) with their place of usual residence to create a matrix of home to work.

The dataset is presented at the Statistical Local Area (SLA) level. SLAs are either whole LGAs or parts of LGAs and presenting the data at this level can show movements within the LGA for larger councils, as well as movement outside the LGA. This information is generally not available at the small area (suburb/locality) level due to geographic limitations when being coded or processed. Data are presented for both 2011 and 2006, but in some areas geographic boundary changes may render comparisons non-comparable. For this reason, while different years can be selected, numerical change is not shown. In some areas with stable statistical geography, comparison may be OK, but please check the boundaries being used.

Data source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Journey to work data 2011 and 2006.

Local workers - Key statistics

This data summarises the demographic characteristics of people employed in the selected industry division (or all industries). Includes all persons working in the area regardless of where they live. Some of the figures in the summary table are taken from other topics. For those which don’t appear elsewhere, the following notes apply:

  • Persons – people aged 15 and over who were employed in the week prior to Census
  • Individual income – Median income is the midpoint of incomes for all employed people.

Data source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011.

Local labour force - Key statistics

This dataset summarises the demographic characteristics of people in the local labour force. It includes people in the labour force who usually reside in the local area regardless of where they work (if working).

Some of the figures in the summary table are taken from other topics in the worker and labour force profiles sections of economy.id - please refer to the relevant data notes for those topics. For those which don’t appear elsewhere, the following notes apply:

  • Persons – persons in the labour force (persons aged 15 years and over who are looking for work, or are employed, full time, part-time or casually) who reside in the local area.
  • Individual income – low and high quartiles relate to those people earning in the lowest and highest 25% of incomes in the state respectively

Data source: Australian Bureau of Statistics , Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2006

Local market - Key statistics

Age structure

Describes the age structure (by sex) of people who usually reside in the local area. Includes all persons except 'overseas visitors'.

Education institute attending

Describes the education institutions attended (by sex) by people who usually reside in the local area. Excludes 'overseas visitors'.

  • 'Catholic' refers to infant, primary and secondary schools run independently by the Catholic Church.
  • 'Independent' refers to private and other non-Government schools.
  • 'TAFE' refers to 'Technical and Further Education' institutions.
Proficiency in English

English proficiency aims to measure the ability of persons who speak ‘English as a Second Language’ to also speak English. The data, when viewed with other ethnic and cultural indicators, tends to reflect the ethnic composition of the population and the number of years of residence in Australia. In general, an area with a higher proportion of persons born in English-speaking countries or who emigrated from non-English speaking countries several decades ago is likely to have greater English-speaking proficiency.

Note: A person’s English proficiency is based on a subjective assessment and should therefore be treated with caution.

Responses to the question on Proficiency in English in the Census are subjective. For example, one respondent may consider that a response of 'Well' is appropriate if they can communicate well enough to do the shopping, while another respondent may consider such a response appropriate only for people who can hold a social conversation. Proficiency in English should be considered as an indicator of a person's ability to speak English and not a definitive measure of this ability.

Employment status (hours worked)

Describes the employment status (by sex) of people who usually reside in the local area. Excludes 'overseas vsitors'.

  • Includes persons aged 15 years and over.
  • 'Employed full time' is defined as having worked 35 hours or more in all jobs during the week prior to Census night. 'Unemployed' includes those not employed and actively looking for work, while 'Not in the labour force' includes all those people not employed and not looking for work, including retirees, students, home duties, discouraged jobseekers etc.
Qualifications

Describes the qualifications (by sex) of people who usually reside in the local area. Includes persons aged 15 years and over.

  • Excludes 'overseas visitors'.
  • Excludes schooling up to Year 12.

'No qualifications' refers to persons still studying for their first qualification, persons who do not have a qualification, and persons who have a qualification out of the scope of the Census version of the Census version of the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001.

Household income

Describes the household income (by sex) of people who usually reside in the local area.

Household income comprises the total of incomes of all persons in the household who stated an income. Excludes ‘visitor only households’ and ‘other non classifiable households’.

  • 'Not stated' includes 'partial income not stated' and 'all incomes not stated'.
  • 'Partial income not stated' includes households where at least one, but not all, member(s) aged 15 years and over did not state an income and / or at least one household member aged 15 years and over was temporarily absent. In these cases, the aggregate of all stated individual incomes would be less than the true household income so these households are excluded from the classification.
  • 'All incomes not stated' includes households where no members present stated an income.
Housing tenure

Describes the housing tenure of occupied private dwellings in the local area. ‘Purchasing’ includes dwellings with a mortgage and those being purchased under a rent/buy scheme.

  • 'Renting' includes both public and private rental, and people renting from an employer. Other categories including rent-free occupancy and life tenure schemes are not shown in this summary.
Dwelling structure

Describes the dwelling structure of all occupied private dwellings in the local area. This data is classified by the Census collector on visiting the household, and the categories are broadly based on the density of the housing types.

  • 'Separate house' includes all free-standing dwellings separated from neighboring dwellings by a gap of at least half a metre.
  • 'Medium density' includes all semi-detached, row, terrace or townhouses and flats in a one or two storey block.
  • 'High density' includes all flats/apartments in a 3 or more storey block.

Data source: Australian Bureau of Statistics , Census of Population and Housing 2011.

SA2s used in this report to build the LGA boundary for the tourism visitor pages are:

  • 210011228 - Keilor
  • 210041240 - Sunbury
  • 210041241 - Sunbury - South
  • 210051242 - Broadmeadows
  • 210051243 - Campbellfield - Coolaroo
  • 210051244 - Craigieburn - Mickleham
  • 210051245 - Gladstone Park - Westmeadows
  • 210051246 - Greenvale - Bulla
  • 210051247 - Meadow Heights
  • 210051248 - Melbourne Airport
  • 210051249 - Roxburgh Park - Somerton
  • 210051250 - Tullamarine

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