City of MonashEconomic profile

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City of Monash

Location quotient by industry

In 2015/16, Wholesale Trade was a major specialisation in City of Monash in terms of Employment (Total).

The location quotient is a simple way of seeing which are the main industries in an area, relative to the wider region. LQ shows the percentage of the local economy characteristic (eg. employment, value add) in a particular industry divided by the percentage of the wider area (region, state, nation) that this industry makes up.

  • Where LQ=1, that industry is exactly as prevalent as in the wider region.
  • A LQ greater than 1.2 indicates a significant specialisation of the industry in the local area – possibly a key economic strength. Higher numbers mean greater specialisations. Anything over 2 is a major specialisation.
  • A LQ between 0.8 and 1.2 means the industry is broadly similar in importance in the local area compared to the comparison region and could be seen as representative.
  • An LQ under 0.8 indicates an industry which is more important in the region than the local area, and may represent an economic weakness or opportunity for growth.

LQs should be analysed in combination with the proportional economic share that industry represents. For example, an industry with an LQ of 2 reveals a specialisation but if that industry only represents 3% of the local economy, it may not be significant. Compare with the figures on the Employment by industry (Total), Employment by industry (FTE), Value added pages for this context.

National Economics (NIEIR) - Modelled series

Did you know? By clicking/tapping on a data row in the table you will be able to see sub categories.
Location quotient
City of Monash - Employment (Total)2015/162010/11Change
Industry
(Click rows to view sub-categories)
%Victoria %Location Quotient (Victoria)%Victoria %Location Quotient (Victoria)2010/11 to 2015/16
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing0.12.20.050.12.30.04+0.26
Mining0.10.30.280.10.30.24+0.19
Manufacturing11.99.81.2214.310.91.31-0.07
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services0.71.20.601.01.10.83-0.29
Construction10.28.71.179.38.61.08+0.08
Wholesale Trade8.94.61.949.34.71.99-0.02
Retail Trade9.210.90.8510.110.70.94-0.10
Accommodation and Food Services3.76.30.593.76.10.61-0.03
Transport, Postal and Warehousing3.84.80.794.04.80.83-0.05
Information Media and Telecommunications2.12.11.012.12.10.96+0.06
Financial and Insurance Services2.94.40.672.74.40.61+0.09
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services1.51.51.001.41.50.92+0.08
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services8.58.41.027.78.30.93+0.09
Administrative and Support Services3.83.51.103.53.41.01+0.08
Public Administration and Safety3.35.60.603.05.60.54+0.11
Education and Training12.58.41.4911.78.21.42+0.05
Health Care and Social Assistance12.411.71.0612.011.31.060
Arts and Recreation Services0.91.80.480.91.70.52-0.06
Other Services3.33.80.863.23.80.850

Source: National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) ©2016. Compiled and presented in economy.id by .id , the population experts.

Data is based on 2015-16 constant prices for all years. NIEIR data are inflation adjusted each year to allow direct comparison, and new data releases normally adjust previous years’ figures to a new base year.
Location quotient is the percentage of total in the area relative to the same percentage in the selected benchmark area.

Location quotient by industry sector 2015/16
Location quotient by industry sector 2015/16 Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 0.05 Mining for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 0.28 Manufacturing for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 1.22 Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 0.60 Construction for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 1.17 Wholesale Trade for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 1.94 Retail Trade for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 0.85 Accommodation and Food Services for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 0.59 Transport, Postal and Warehousing for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 0.79 Information Media and Telecommunications for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 1.01 Financial and Insurance Services for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 0.67 Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 1.00 Professional, Scientific and Technical Services for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 1.02 Administrative and Support Services for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 1.10 Public Administration and Safety for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 0.60 Education and Training for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 1.49 Health Care and Social Assistance for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 1.06 Arts and Recreation Services for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 0.48 Other Services for City of Monash relative to Victoria location quotient: 0.86
Source: National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) ©2016
Compiled and presented in economy.id by .id the population experts
Change in LQ by industry sector, 2010/11 to 2015/16
Change in LQ by industry sector, 2010/11 to 2015/16 Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing, Change: +$0.3 million Mining, Change: +$0.2 million Manufacturing, Change: -$0.1 million Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services, Change: -$0.3 million Construction, Change: +$0.1 million Wholesale Trade, Change: 0 million Retail Trade, Change: -$0.1 million Accommodation and Food Services, Change: 0 million Transport, Postal and Warehousing, Change: -$0.1 million Information Media and Telecommunications, Change: +$0.1 million Financial and Insurance Services, Change: +$0.1 million Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services, Change: +$0.1 million Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, Change: +$0.1 million Administrative and Support Services, Change: +$0.1 million Public Administration and Safety, Change: +$0.1 million Education and Training, Change: 0 million Health Care and Social Assistance, Change: 0 million Arts and Recreation Services, Change: -$0.1 million Other Services, Change: 0 million
Source: National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) ©2016
Compiled and presented in economy.id by .id the population experts

Dominant groups

A location quotient of greater than 1.2 is generally considered a level of industry specialisation, while a LQ of 0.8 or less indicates an industry which doesn’t have a major presence in the area.

An analysis of employment (Total) in City of Monash in 2014/15 shows the three industries with the highest location quotient relative to Victoria were:

  • Wholesale Trade (1.9)
  • Education and Training (1.5)
  • Manufacturing (1.2)

The three industries with the lowest location quotient relative to Victoria were:

  • Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (0.1)
  • Mining (0.3)
  • Arts and Recreation Services (0.5)

Emerging groups

Changes in location quotients over time reveal emerging or declining industry specialisations.

The largest changes in the employment (Total) LQ between 2010/11 and 2014/15 in City of Monash were for these industries:

  • Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services (-0.3)
  • Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (+0.3)
  • Mining (+0.2)
  • Public Administration and Safety (+0.1)

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