Employment self-sufficiency - Industry
“In 2011 56.0% of Penrith City’s local workers were residents and this proportion has decreased since 2006.
Self-sufficiency measures the proportion of local workers in the local area who also live in the Local Government Area or region. It indicates the level at which the resident workers meet the labour requirements of the local industries or businesses.
Self-sufficiency is likely to be higher for regional areas, lower in metropolitan areas and is influenced by:
- The nature of employment opportunities versus the skills and qualifications of residents;
- Transport options available and commuting times;
- Relationship between wages and salaries and house prices in the area; and
- The geographic size of the area.
Employment self-sufficiency data should be viewed in conjunction with detailed Workers place of residence data to see how far workers are travelling to access employment in the area, as well as Worker productivity and Local workers income and Local workers hours worked data to look at the value of local workers contributions. The Resident workers section will provide the characteristics of resident workers.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) – Census 2006 and 2011 – by place of work
|Employment self-sufficiency by industry|
|Industry||Total local workers||Local workers residing in Penrith City||% industry self- sufficiency||Total local workers||Local workers residing in Penrith City||% industry self- sufficiency||2006 to 2011|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23001||Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||453||293||64.7||488||330||67.6||-3.0%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23004||Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services||773||319||41.3||808||328||40.6||+0.7%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23006||Wholesale Trade||2,227||1,039||46.7||1,808||999||55.3||-8.6%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23007||Retail Trade||7,235||4,656||64.4||7,783||5,182||66.6||-2.2%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23008||Accommodation and Food Services||3,940||2,837||72.0||3,824||2,819||73.7||-1.7%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23009||Transport, Postal and Warehousing||2,732||1,599||58.5||2,264||1,449||64.0||-5.5%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23010||Information Media and Telecommunications||424||238||56.1||453||258||57.0||-0.8%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23011||Financial and Insurance Services||895||540||60.3||914||640||70.0||-9.7%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23012||Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services||904||562||62.2||906||597||65.9||-3.7%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23013||Professional, Scientific and Technical Services||1,955||1,217||62.3||1,956||1,248||63.8||-1.6%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23014||Administrative and Support Services||1,234||783||63.5||1,094||742||67.8||-4.4%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23015||Public Administration and Safety||4,635||2,292||49.4||4,166||2,153||51.7||-2.2%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23016||Education and Training||5,985||2,723||45.5||5,576||2,562||45.9||-0.5%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23017||Health Care and Social Assistance||7,689||3,928||51.1||6,751||3,537||52.4||-1.3%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23018||Arts and Recreation Services||749||482||64.4||676||439||64.9||-0.6%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23019||Other Services||2,280||1,458||63.9||2,206||1,458||66.1||-2.2%|
|247||10||Penrith (C)||23020||Industry not classified||585||357||61.0||493||319||64.7||-3.7%|
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (opens a new window), Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011.