City of WyndhamEconomic profile

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Name origin

Wyndham is named after Sir Henry Wyndham, a soldier who had distinguished himself at Waterloo.

Location and boundaries

The City of Wyndham is located in Melbourne's outer south-west, between 12 and 45 kilometres from the Melbourne GPO. The City of Wyndham is bounded by the City of Melton and the City of Brimbank in the north, the City of Hobsons Bay in the east, Port Phillip Bay in the south-east, the City of Greater Geelong in the south-west and west and Moorabool Shire in the north-west. The City's boundaries are Springhill Road, the Werribee River and Boundary Road in the north, Kororoit Creek, the Princes Freeway, Old Geelong Road, the eastern and southern boundaries of the RAAF Williams Laverton Base, Point Cook Road, the Princes Freeway, Crellin Avenue South, St Anthony Court, Machair Drive, Dunnings Road, Point Cook Road, Tournament Drive, Fawkner Way, Crystal Court and Skeleton Creek in the east, Port Phillip Bay in the south and the Little River, Mortons Road and a line running between Mortons Road and Springhill Road in the west.

Included areas

The City of Wyndham includes the suburbs and localities of Cocoroc, Eynesbury (part), Hoppers Crossing, Laverton (part), Laverton North, Little River (part), Mambourin, Manor Lakes, Mount Cottrell (part), Point Cook, Quandong, Tarneit, Truganina (part), Werribee, Werribee South, Williams Landing and Wyndham Vale. Some of these suburbs and localities have been disaggregated and others have been combined, to provide more meaningful statistics for the purposes of this profile.

Land use

The City of Wyndham is a residential and rural area, with substantial industrial, technology and commercial areas. Wyndham is one of Melbourne's principal growth areas. The City encompasses a total land area of about 542 square kilometres. The population is centred in the residential areas around Werribee and Hoppers Crossing. Rural land is used mainly for vegetable growing and grazing.

Transport

The City of Wyndham is served by the Princes Freeway, the Princes Highway, the Western Ring Road, the Werribee railway line and the Melbourne-Geelong railway line.

Settlement history

European settlement dates from the 1830s when graziers moved into the area, settling at Werribee, Little River, Tarneit, Truganina and Point Cook. Central Werribee was earmarked as a village in the 1850s at a time when rural consolidation was occurring in Wyndham, with many large land holdings developing, especially by the Chirnside family at Werribee Park. Incremental growth occurred in the township during the late 1800s, with one of the more noteworthy developments being the acquisition of land by the Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works from the Chirnsides for a sewage farm in 1892. The Point Cook RAAF Base was opened in 1914 as the Central Flying School, later to become the home of the RAAF. Werribee South was subdivided after World War One and taken up by soldier settlers, a process that helped to develop the market gardening economy of the area that survives to this day. Much of the residential growth in the City of Wyndham occurred after the Second World War, notably from the 1960s. The first subdivision in Hoppers Crossing took place in 1963, with significant residential growth during the 1970s and 1980s. The population of the City continued to grow rapidly during the 1990s, increasing from nearly 62,000 in 1991 to nearly 85,000 in 2001. Even more rapid development took place from 2001, with the population increasing to 160,000 in 2011. Much of the recent growth has been in Point Cook, Tarneit, Truganina and Wyndham Vale. Population increase is expected to continue.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Wyndham area were the Watha Wurring and Yalukit-Willam Aboriginal people.

Regional labour force

The City of Wyndham labour force region is defined by an area in which a significant percentage of workers travelled into the City of Wyndham to work at the 2011 Census. Details of this calculation and a list of areas included can be found in the data notes.

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