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Location quotient by industry

In 2019/20, Information Media and Telecommunications was a major specialisation in the City of Albany in terms of Employment (Total).

The location quotient is a simple way of seeing which are the main industries in an area, relative to the wider region. LQ shows the percentage of the local economy characteristic (eg. employment, value add) in a particular industry divided by the percentage of the wider area (region, state, nation) that this industry makes up.

  • Where LQ=1, that industry is exactly as prevalent as in the wider region.
  • A LQ greater than 1.2 indicates a significant specialisation of the industry in the local area – possibly a key economic strength. Higher numbers mean greater specialisations. Anything over 2 is a major specialisation.
  • A LQ between 0.8 and 1.2 means the industry is broadly similar in importance in the local area compared to the comparison region and could be seen as representative.
  • An LQ under 0.8 indicates an industry which is more important in the region than the local area, and may represent an economic weakness or opportunity for growth.

LQs should be analysed in combination with the proportional economic share that industry represents. For example, an industry with an LQ of 2 reveals a specialisation but if that industry only represents 3% of the local economy, it may not be significant. Compare with the figures on the Employment by industry (Total), Employment by industry (FTE), Value added pages for this context. National Economics (NIEIR) - Modelled series

Data source

National Economics (NIEIR) - Modelled series

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Location quotient
City of Albany - Employment (Total)2019/202014/15Change
Industry (Click rows to view sub-categories)%. Regional WA%Location Quotient Regional WA%. Regional WA%Location Quotien Regional WA2019/20 - 2014/15
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing7.89.10.856.78.40.79+0.08
Mining0.220.20.010.317.40.02-0.38
Manufacturing5.16.20.824.55.60.80+0.03
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services3.31.81.881.31.21.09+0.73
Construction9.49.41.007.913.00.61+0.63
Wholesale Trade2.62.11.222.82.21.24-0.02
Retail Trade11.77.31.5913.57.91.72-0.07
Accommodation and Food Services6.35.41.187.15.91.20-0.02
Transport, Postal and Warehousing4.14.30.954.14.50.91+0.04
Information Media and Telecommunications1.90.62.961.30.52.42+0.22
Financial and Insurance Services2.11.02.171.71.01.66+0.31
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services1.91.41.362.11.41.43-0.05
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services4.03.31.204.23.31.28-0.06
Administrative and Support Services2.92.61.123.32.91.14-0.02
Public Administration and Safety6.35.61.136.44.61.39-0.19
Education and Training9.86.71.4510.67.31.45+0.00
Health Care and Social Assistance13.18.71.5115.88.31.91-0.21
Arts and Recreation Services2.71.02.771.71.01.71+0.62
Other Services4.93.31.474.83.61.35+0.09
Total Industries1001001.00100100+1.000

Source: National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) ©2021. Compiled and presented in economy.id by .id (informed decisions). NIEIR-ID data are adjusted each year, using updated employment estimates. Each release may change previous years’ figures. Learn more

Did you know? By clicking/tapping on a category in the chart below you will be able to drilldown to the sub categories.
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Dominant groups

A location quotient of greater than 1.2 is generally considered a level of industry specialisation, while a LQ of 0.8 or less indicates an industry which doesn’t have a major presence in the area.

An analysis of employment (total) in the City of Albany in 2019/20 shows the three industries with the highest location quotient relative to Regional WA were:

  • Information Media and Telecommunications (3.0 )
  • Arts and Recreation Services (2.8 )
  • Financial and Insurance Services (2.2 )

The three industries with the lowest location quotient relative to Regional WA were:

  • Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (0.9 )
  • Manufacturing (0.8 )
  • Mining (0.0 )

Emerging groups

Changes in location quotients over time reveal emerging or declining industry specialisations.

The largest changes in the employment (total) LQ between 2014/15 and 2019/20 in the City of Albany were for these industries:

  • Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services (+0.7)
  • Construction (+0.6)
  • Arts and Recreation Services (+0.6)
  • Mining (-0.4)

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