About the area
ABS ERP 2020
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Corangamite Shire is named after Lake Corangamite, Victoria's largest lake, which is named from an Aboriginal word meaning "bitter" or “salt water”.
Location and boundaries
Corangamite Shire is located in south-western Victoria, about 200 kilometres from the Melbourne CBD. Corangamite Shire is bounded by Pyrenees Shire in the north, Golden Plains Shire and Colac Otway Shire in the east, the Southern Ocean in the south, and Moyne Shire and Ararat Rural City in the west.
Corangamite Shire includes the localities of Alvie (part), Ayrford (part), Berrybank (part), Bookaar, Boorcan, Bostocks Creek, Bradvale, Brucknell (part), Bullaharre, Camperdown, Carlisle River (part), Carpendeit (part), Chapple Vale (part), Chocolyn, Cobden, Cobrico, Cooriemungle, Cowleys Creek, Cressy (part), Cundare North (part), Curdies River, Curdievale (part), Darlington (part), Derrinallum, Dixie, Dreeite (part), Dreeite South (part), Duverney, Ecklin South (part), Elingamite, Elingamite North, Foxhow, Garvoc (part), Gellibrand Lower (part), Glenfyne, Glenormiston North (part), Glenormiston South, Gnotuk, Heytesbury Lower (part), Jancourt, Jancourt East (part), Kariah, Kennedys Creek, Koallah, Kolora (part), Larralea, Leslie Manor, Lismore, Mingay, Mount Bute (part), Naroghid, Newfield, Nirranda East (part), Noorat (part), Noorat East, Paaratte, Peterborough (part), Pirron Yallock (part), Pittong (part), Pomborneit, Pomborneit East, Pomborneit North, Port Campbell, Princetown, Scotts Creek, Simpson (part), Skibo, Skipton (part), South Purrumbete, Stonyford (part), Tandarook, Taroon (part), Terang (part), Tesbury, Timboon, Timboon West, Vite Vite, Vite Vite North, Waarre, Wattle Hill, Weerite, Werneth (part) and Wool Wool (part).
Corangamite Shire is a predominantly rural area, with significant residential areas in the townships of Camperdown, Cobden, Derrinallum, Lismore, Noorat, Port Campbell, Princetown, Simpson, Skipton, Terang and Timboon. The major town is Camperdown, followed by Cobden and Terang. The Shire encompasses a total land area of about 4,400 square kilometres, including national park, coastline, lakes and craters. Much of the rural area is used for agriculture, particularly dairy farming, sheep and cattle grazing, and grain growing. Tourism is also an important industry, especially in the southern section along the Great Ocean Road.
Corangamite Shire is served by the Glenelg Highway, the Hamilton Highway, the Princes Highway and the Melbourne-Geelong-Warrnambool railway line, with stations at Camperdown and Terang.
European settlement dates from 1839, with land used mainly for grazing and agriculture. Population was minimal until the 1850s and 1860s, spurred by the gold rush and the establishment of townships. Expansion continued from the 1880s into the early 1900s, aided by improved access, the construction of the railway line, subdivision and tourism. Significant development occurred in the early post-war years, followed by a period of relative stability. From the 1980s the population began to slowly decrease.
The original inhabitants of Corangamite Shire were the Djargurd Wurrung Aboriginal people.