Cumberland City CouncilEconomic profile
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Cumberland City

About the area

Location and boundaries

The Cumberland Council area is located in Sydney's western suburbs, about 25 kilometres from the Sydney CBD. The Cumberland Council area is bounded by the City of Parramatta in the north, the Strathfield Council area in the east, the City of Canterbury Bankstown and Fairfield City in the south, and Blacktown City in the west.

Included areas

The Cumberland Council area includes the suburbs of Auburn (part), Berala, Chester Hill (part), Fairfield (part), Girraween, Granville (part), Greystanes, Guildford, Guildford West, Holroyd, Homebush West (part), Lidcombe (part), Mays Hill (part), Merrylands, Merrylands West, Pemulwuy, Pendle Hill (part), Prospect (part), Regents Park (part), Rookwood, Smithfield (part), South Granville, South Wentworthville, Toongabbie (part), Wentworthville (part), Westmead (part), Woodpark and Yennora (part).

Economic region
Cumberland City

Land use

The Cumberland Council area is predominantly residential, with substantial industrial areas, and some commercial, institutional and recreational areas. The Council area encompasses a total land area of about 70 square kilometres.


The Cumberland Council area is served by the Western Motorway, the Cumberland Highway, the Great Western Highway and the Bankstown, Cumberland and Western railway lines.

Settlement history

European settlement dates from the 1790s when expansion from Parramatta stimulated growth in the northern suburbs. Land was used mainly for small scale farming and sheep and cattle grazing. Population was minimal until the 1850s and 1860s. Growth took place during the late 1870s and 1880s, aided by the opening of railway lines and the establishment of many industries. The population continued to grow in the early 1900s. The most significant residential development occurred in the post-war years, particularly during the 1950s and 1960s, aided by immigration and industrial growth. Gradual growth took place from the 1990s, with the population of the Council area rising from about 153,000 in 1991 to about 215,000 in 2016. Most of the growth in the last twenty five years has been from urban consolidation (medium and high density housing) in the established areas, but more recently has also been from redevelopment of previous industrial land in the suburbs of Pemulwuy and Regents Park.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Cumberland Council area were the Dharug Aboriginal people.