About the area
ABS ERP 2017
Health Care and Social Assistance
Frankston is thought to be named after General Sir Thomas Harte Franks, a British army officer, or after Francis (Frank) Liardet, a prominent early settler, or after Charles Franks, an early settler of Melbourne.
Location and boundaries
Frankston City is located in the outer southern suburbs of Melbourne, about 40 kilometres south of the Melbourne CBD. Frankston City is bounded by the Cities of Kingston and Greater Dandenong in the north, the City of Casey in the east, Mornington Peninsula Shire in the south, and Port Phillip Bay in the west. Frankston City's boundaries are Eel Race Road, the Eel Race drain, the Mornington Peninsula Freeway, Wadsley Road, Learmonth Road, Thompson Road and Thompsons Road in the north, the Dandenong-Hastings Road in the east, Baxter-Tooradin Road, Golf Links Road, the Peninsula Link, Sages Road, Moorooduc Highway, Humphries Road and Kackeraboite Creek in the south, and the foreshore of Port Phillip Bay in the west.
Frankston City includes the suburbs of Carrum Downs, Frankston, Frankston North, Frankston South, Langwarrin, Langwarrin South, Sandhurst, Seaford and Skye.
Frankston City is a predominantly residential area, with some rural-residential, industrial, commercial and rural areas. The City encompasses a total land area of 131 square kilometres. Central Frankston functions as the major regional retail and commercial centre, servicing outer southern Melbourne and the Mornington Peninsula.
Frankston City is served by the Frankston Freeway, the Mornington Peninsula Freeway, the Moorooduc Highway, the Nepean Highway, the Peninsula Link, the Frankston-Dandenong Road, the Dandenong-Hastings Road and the Frankston railway line, with stations at Frankston, Kananook and Seaford.
European settlement dates from the 1840s, with land used mainly for grazing, farming and fishing. Growth took place in the 1850s when the township of Frankston was established, the site chosen due to its supply of freshwater from Kananook Creek. The arrival of the railway in the 1880s brought population growth. Frankston functioned as a resort town for Melbourne in the early 1900s. The most significant development occurred during the post-war years, with rapid growth between the 1950s and the 1980s. From the 1950s the suburb of Seaford was developed. During the 1960s and 1970s suburbs such as Frankston Heights, Frankston North, Frankston South and Karingal were developed. From the 1980s the suburbs of Carrum Downs, Langwarrin and Skye were developed, these areas still having zoned land available for further development. The population of the City has increased since the early 1990s, rising from about 99,000 in 1991 to over 125,000 in 2011. Most of the recent growth has been in the suburbs of Carrum Downs, Langwarrin, Skye and the new suburb of Sandhurst.
The original inhabitants of the Frankston area were the Boonerwurrung Aboriginal people.