Gannawarra ShireEconomic profile lite
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Gannawarra Shire

About the area

Name origin

Gannawarra was named after an original property in the area.

Location and boundaries

Gannawarra Shire is located in the Loddon Murray region of Victoria, about 250 kilometres north-west of the Melbourne CBD. Gannawarra Shire is bounded by Swan Hill Rural City in the north, the Murray River and the New South Wales border in the east, the Shire of Campaspe and Loddon Shire in the south, and Buloke Shire in the west.

Included areas

Gannawarra Shire includes the townships and localities of Appin, Appin South (part), Bael Bael, Beauchamp (part), Benjeroop, Budgerum East, Burkes Bridge, Cannie, Capels Crossing, Cohuna, Cullen, Daltons Bridge, Dingwall, Fairley, Gannawarra, Gonn Crossing, Gredgwin (part), Horfield (part), Keely, Kerang, Kerang East, Koondrook, Koroop, Lake Charm, Lake Meran (part), Lalbert (part), Leitchville (part), Macorna (part), Macorna North, McMillans, Mead, Meatian (part), Meering West (part), Milnes Bridge, Mincha West, Murrabit, Murrabit West, Myall, Mystic Park, Ninyeunook (part), Normanville, Oakvale, Pine View, Quambatook, Reedy Lake, Sandhill Lake, Teal Point, Tittybong (part), Towaninny (part), Tragowel, Wandella, Wee Wee Rup and Westby.

Land use

Gannawarra Shire is a predominantly rural area. The main towns are Cohuna, Kerang, Koondrook, Leitchville and Quambatook. The Shire encompasses a total land area of over 3,700 square kilometres. Land is used mainly for agriculture, particularly dairy farming, grain and crop farming, grazing, horticulture and viticulture. There is also some timber production. The western part of the Shire is predominantly used for cereal grain production, while the northern and eastern parts are used for dairy farming and milk processing.


Gannawarra Shire is served by the Loddon Valley Highway, the Murray Valley Highway and the Melbourne-Swan Hill railway line.

Settlement history

European settlement dates from the 1830s, with land used mainly for timber-getting, grazing and farming. Growth took place in the late 1800s, with expansion continuing during the early 1900s. The population of the Shire has declined slightly since the early 1990s, falling from over 12,000 in 1991 to about 10,000 in 2011.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Gannawarra area were the Baraparapa and Wemba Wemba Aboriginal people.

Regional labour force

Gannawarra Shire labour force region is defined by an area in which a significant percentage of workers travelled into Gannawarra Shire to work at the 2011 Census. Details of this calculation and a list of areas included can be found in the data notes.