About the area
ABS ERP 2018
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Gannawarra Shire is named after a pastoral run in the area in 1844.
Location and boundaries
Gannawarra Shire is located in northern Victoria, about 250 kilometres north-west of the Melbourne CBD. Gannawarra Shire is bounded by Swan Hill Rural City in the north, the Murray River, the New South Wales border and the Murray River Council area in the east, the Shire of Campaspe and Loddon Shire in the south, and Buloke Shire in the west.
Gannawarra Shire includes the localities of Appin, Appin South (part), Bael Bael, Beauchamp (part), Benjeroop, Budgerum East, Burkes Bridge, Cannie, Capels Crossing, Cohuna, Cullen, Daltons Bridge, Dingwall, Fairley, Gannawarra, Gonn Crossing, Gredgwin (part), Horfield (part), Keely, Kerang, Kerang East, Koondrook, Koroop, Lake Charm, Lake Meran (part), Lalbert (part), Leitchville (part), Macorna (part), Macorna North, McMillans, Mead, Meatian (part), Meering West (part), Milnes Bridge, Mincha West, Murrabit, Murrabit West, Myall, Mystic Park, Ninyeunook (part), Normanville, Oakvale, Pine View, Quambatook, Reedy Lake, Sandhill Lake, Teal Point, Tittybong (part), Towaninny (part), Tragowel, Wandella, Wangie (part), Wee Wee Rup and Westby.
Gannawarra Shire is a predominantly rural area. The main townships are Kerang, Cohuna and Koondrook, with smaller towns at Lake Charm, Lalbert, Leitchville, Macorna, Murrrabit, Mystic Park and Quambatook. The Shire encompasses a total land area of over 3,700 square kilometres. Land is used mainly for agriculture, particularly dairy farming, grain and crop farming, grazing, horticulture and viticulture. There is also some timber production. The western part of the Shire is predominantly used for cereal grain production, while the northern and eastern parts are used for dairy farming and milk processing.
Gannawarra Shire is served by the Loddon Valley Highway, the Murray Valley Highway and the Melbourne-Swan Hill railway line.
European settlement dates from the 1830s, with land used mainly for timber-getting, grazing and farming. Growth took place in the late 1800s, with expansion continuing during the early 1900s and the immediate post-war years. The population gradually declined from the 1970s.
The original inhabitants of Gannawarra Shire were the Baraparapa and Wemba Wemba Aboriginal people.