The location quotient is a simple way of seeing which are the main industries in an area, relative to the wider region. LQ shows the percentage of the local economy characteristic (eg. employment, value add) in a particular industry divided by the percentage of the wider area (region, state, nation) that this industry makes up.
- Where LQ=1, that industry is exactly as prevalent as in the wider region.
- A LQ greater than 1.2 indicates a significant specialisation of the industry in the local area – possibly a key economic strength. Higher numbers mean greater specialisations. Anything over 2 is a major specialisation.
- A LQ between 0.8 and 1.2 means the industry is broadly similar in importance in the local area compared to the comparison region and could be seen as representative.
- An LQ under 0.8 indicates an industry which is more important in the region than the local area, and may represent an economic weakness or opportunity for growth.
LQs should be analysed in combination with the proportional economic share that industry represents. For example, an industry with an LQ of 2 reveals a specialisation but if that industry only represents 3% of the local economy, it may not be significant. Compare with the figures on the Employment by industry (Total), Employment by industry (FTE), Value added pages for this context. National Economics (NIEIR) - Modelled series
National Economics (NIEIR) - Modelled series
|Gladstone Regional Council area - Employment (Total)||2018/19||2003/04||Change|
|Industry (Click rows to view sub-categories)||%||Queensland%||Location Quotient Queensland||%||Queensland%||Location Quotien Queensland||2018/19 - 2003/04|
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||1.9||2.7||0.72||3.2||4.4||0.72||+0.00|
|Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services||3.0||1.2||2.41||2.5||1.0||2.52||-0.04|
|Accommodation and Food Services||6.9||7.6||0.91||6.9||7.2||0.95||-0.05|
|Transport, Postal and Warehousing||8.6||5.3||1.62||7.6||5.3||1.43||+0.13|
|Information Media and Telecommunications||0.5||1.3||0.39||0.8||1.8||0.43||-0.09|
|Financial and Insurance Services||1.0||2.6||0.41||1.4||2.9||0.48||-0.15|
|Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services||2.0||1.7||1.18||1.8||2.1||0.84||+0.41|
|Professional, Scientific and Technical Services||7.2||6.4||1.13||4.7||5.7||0.84||+0.36|
|Administrative and Support Services||2.8||3.3||0.83||2.9||3.3||0.87||-0.05|
|Public Administration and Safety||4.5||7.0||0.64||3.9||6.5||0.61||+0.05|
|Education and Training||7.9||9.2||0.85||7.5||7.7||0.97||-0.12|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||7.4||13.5||0.55||6.2||9.9||0.63||-0.12|
|Arts and Recreation Services||0.6||1.6||0.36||0.7||1.6||0.42||-0.13|
Source: National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) ©2019. Compiled and presented in economy.id by .id informed decisions. NIEIR-ID data are adjusted each year, using updated employment estimates. Each release may change previous years’ figures. Learn more
A location quotient of greater than 1.2 is generally considered a level of industry specialisation, while a LQ of 0.8 or less indicates an industry which doesn’t have a major presence in the area.
An analysis of employment (total) in Gladstone Regional Council area in 2018/19 shows the three industries with the highest location quotient relative to Queensland were:
- Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services (2.4 )
- Manufacturing (2.2 )
- Transport, Postal and Warehousing (1.6 )
The three industries with the lowest location quotient relative to Queensland were:
- Financial and Insurance Services (0.4 )
- Information Media and Telecommunications (0.4 )
- Arts and Recreation Services (0.4 )
Changes in location quotients over time reveal emerging or declining industry specialisations.
The largest changes in the employment (total) LQ between 2003/04 and 2018/19 in Gladstone Regional Council area were for these industries:
- Mining (+1.1)
- Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services (+0.4)
- Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (+0.4)
- Other Services (+0.2)