Grow South East (South East Metropolitan Region)Economic profile
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Grow South East (South East Metropolitan Region)

About the area

Location and boundaries

The South East Metropolitan Region is located to the south-east of Perth, between 5 and 55 kilometres from the Perth CBD. The South East Metropolitan Region is bounded by the Swan River, the City of Swan and the Shire of Mundaring in the north, the Shire of York, the Shire of Beverley and the Shire of Wandering in the east, the Shire of Murray in the south, and the City of Rockingham, the City of Kwinana, the City of Cockburn and the City of Melville in the west.

Included areas

The South East Metropolitan Region encompasses eight local government areas: City of Armadale, City of Belmont, City of Canning, City of Gosnells, City of Kalamunda, Serpentine Jarrahdale Shire, City of South Perth and the Town of Victoria Park. About 25% of the population in the Region live in the City of Gosnells, 20% in the City of Canning, between 12 and 14% in the City of Kalamunda and the City of Armadale, between 8 and 9% in the City of Belmont, the Town of Victoria Park and the City of South Perth, and 4% in Serpentine Jarrahdale Shire.

Economic region
Grow South East (South East Metropolitan Region)

Land use

The South East Metropolitan Region is a growing residential, semi-rural and rural area, with some commercial and industrial land use, and substantial parklands and reserves. The urban areas are mainly in the areas closest to Perth, with numerous small townships in the areas further away from Perth. There is rapid residential and rural-residential growth in the eastern and southern parts of the Region. The South East Metropolitan Region encompasses a total land area of over 2,000 square kilometres. Rural land is used mainly for agriculture, horticulture, orchards, grazing, poultry farming and equine activities, with conservation, timber milling and water catchment also being important land uses.


The South East Metropolitan Region is served by the Graham Farmer Freeway, the Kwinana Freeway, the Albany Highway, the Brookton Highway, the Canning Highway, the Great Eastern Highway, the Leach Highway, the Roe Highway, the South Western Highway, the Tonkin Highway, the Perth Domestic & International Airports, and the Perth-Bunbury, Armadale and Thornlie railway lines.

Settlement history

European settlement of the Region dates from 1829, when farming commenced along the Canning River. A number of small settlements were established, with land used mainly for farming, market gardening, orcharding and timber milling. Population was minimal until the 1870s, with growth through to the 1920s, spurred by nearby gold discoveries, the opening of the South Western railway in 1893, and the subdivision of land. Expansion continued in the interwar period, accompanied by the construction of dams in the 1920s and 1930s. Significant residential development occurred from the post-war years, starting in the areas closest to Perth in the late 1950s, aided by immigration and public housing construction. Rapid growth continued from the 1960s to the 1980s, spreading eastwards and southwards. The population of the Region increased steadily from the 1990s, rising from under 322,000 in 1991 to about 428,000 in 2011, with the greatest growth between 2006 and 2011. Recent growth has been from new development in the outer areas, and redevelopment and infill in the areas closest to Perth. Population growth is expected to continue.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the South East Metropolitan Region were the Beeloo Nyungar Aboriginal people.