Hobsons Bay City
About the area
ABS ERP 2016
Hobsons Bay is named after William Hobson, Commander of HMAS Rattlesnake, who also surveyed Port Phillip and Hobsons Bays.
Location and boundaries
Hobsons Bay City is located in Melbourne's south-western suburbs, between 5 and 20 kilometres from the Melbourne GPO. Hobsons Bay City is bounded by the Cities of Brimbank and Maribyrnong in the north, the Yarra River and the City of Melbourne in the east, Port Phillip Bay in the south, and the City of Wyndham in the west. The City's boundaries are the Princes Freeway, the Princes Highway, Cemetery Road, the West Gate Freeway, Stony Creek, Hyde Street and Francis Street in the north, the Yarra River and Hobsons Bay in the east, Port Phillip Bay, Skeleton Creek, a line between Crystal Court and South Terrace, a line between Fawkner Way and Evening Close, a line between Tournament Drive and George Benjamin Court and Dunnings Road in the south, and a line between St Anthonys Court and Machar Drive, the Princes Freeway, Point Cook Road, Maher Road, the eastern side of RAAF Williams Laverton Base and the Old Geelong Road in the west.
Hobsons Bay City includes the suburbs of Altona, Altona Meadows, Altona North, Brooklyn (part), Laverton (part), Newport, Seabrook, Seaholme, Spotswood, South Kingsville, Williamstown and Williamstown North. However, there are some differences in the boundaries of the small areas referred to in these community profiles compared to the suburbs. The small area boundaries are shown in the map below.
Hobsons Bay City is a residential and industrial area. The City encompasses a total land area of 66 square kilometres.
Hobsons Bay City is served by the West Gate Freeway, the Princes Freeway, the Princes Highway and the Werribee and Williamstown railway lines.
European settlement dates from 1837, with the establishment of a port at Williamstown and the expansion of pastoralists into the Altona area. Williamstown developed as a major maritime centre during the 1800s, aided by the arrival of railways from Melbourne in 1859. Growth continued through to the early 1900s, aided by the establishment of the RAAF Williams Base in 1926. Significant residential development occurred during the immediate post-war years, accompanied by industrial growth. In more recent years there has been considerable growth in the south-west, in Altona Meadows and Seabrook. There have also been new residential developments in the established suburbs of Williamstown and Newport, as a result of redevelopment of former industrial and surplus government land (the Rifle Range and Williamstown Junction developments). The population of the City increased during the 1990s, rising from about 71,000 in 1991 to about 80,000 in 2001. The population was then relatively stable between 2001 and 2006, before rising again to about 83,000 in 2011.
The original inhabitants of the Hobsons Bay area were the Yalukit-William Aboriginal clan.
Note: The Altona Industrial area (encompassing parts of Altona and Altona North) has been excluded from the profile, as there is no population residing in this area.
Regional labour force
Hobsons Bay City labour force region is defined by an area in which a significant percentage of workers travelled into Hobsons Bay City to work at the 2011 Census. Details of this calculation and a list of areas included can be found in the data notes.