About the area
ABS ERP 2017
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Loddon is named after the Loddon River, which was named by Major Mitchell after the River Loddon in Hampshire, England.
Location and boundaries
Loddon Shire is located in central Victoria, about 175 kilometres north-west of the Melbourne CBD. Loddon Shire is bounded by Gannawarra Shire in the north, the Shire of Campaspe and the City of Greater Bendigo in the east, Mount Alexander and Central Goldfields Shires in the south, and Northern Grampians and Buloke Shires in the west.
Loddon Shire includes the townships and localities of Appin South (part), Arnold, Arnold West, Auchmore, Barraport, Barraport West, Bealiba (part), Bears Lagoon, Berrimal, Boort, Borung, Brenanah, Bridgewater, Bridgewater North, Bridgewater on Loddon, Buckrabanyule (part), Burkes Flat, Calivil, Campbells Forest, Canary Island, Catumnal, Cochranes Creek, Coonooer Bridge (part), Derby, Dingee, Dunolly (part), Durham Ox, Eastville (part), Eddington (part), Emu (part), Fentons Creek, Fernihurst, Fiery Flat, Gladfield, Glenalbyn, Glenloth East (part), Gowar East (part), Gredgwin (part), Horfield (part), Inglewood, Inkerman (part), Jarklin, Jungaburra, Kamarooka (part), Kamarooka North, Kingower, Kinypanial, Korong Vale, Kurraca, Kurraca West, Kurting, Laanecoorie, Lake Marmal (part), Lake Meran (part), Leaghur, Leichardt (part), Leitchville (part), Llanelly, Loddon Vale, Logan (part), Macorna (part), Marong (part), McIntyre, Meering West (part), Milloo (part), Mincha, Minmindie, Mitiamo (part), Moliagul (part), Mologa, Mysia, Murphys Creek, Newbridge, Nine Mile (part), Painswick, Pompapiel, Powlett Plains, Prairie, Pyramid Hill, Raywood (part), Rheola, Richmond Plains (part), Salisbury West, Sebastian (part), Serpentine, Shelbourne (part), Skinners Flat, Slaty Creek (part), Sylvaterre, Tandarra, Tarnagulla, Terrappee, Terrick Terrick, Waanyarra, Wedderburn, Wedderburn Junction, Wehla, Woodstock on Loddon, Woodstock West, Woolshed Flat, Woosang (part), Wychitella, Wychitella North, Yando, Yarraberb, Yarrawalla and Yeungroon East (part).
Loddon Shire is a predominantly rural area, with many small towns and communities. The largest towns are Boort, Bridgewater on Loddon, Inglewood, Pyramid Hill, Serpentine, Tarnagulla and Wedderburn. The Shire encompasses a total land area of about 6,700 square kilometres. Land is used mainly for agriculture and horticulture, particularly grain, sheep, wool, beef cattle, dairy, pigs and poultry. In recent years there has also been viticulture, olives and fodder crops.
Loddon Shire is served by the Calder Highway, the Loddon Valley Highway, the Wimmera Highway and the Melbourne-Swan Hill railway line.
European settlement dates from 1840, with land used mainly for agricultural purposes. Growth took place in the 1850s and 1860s, when many townships were established, spurred by gold discoveries and mining. Land also began to be used for wheat farming. Expansion continued in the 1870s and 1880s, aided by the construction of the railway line. The population gradually declined from the mid 1960s. The population of the Shire continued to decline from the 1990s, falling from about 9,100 in 1991 to 7,300 in 2011.
The original inhabitants of the Loddon area were the Djadja Wurrung Aboriginal people.