City of Moreland
About the area
ABS ERP 2017
Health Care and Social Assistance
Moreland is named after the first property in the area, which was named after a sugar plantation in Jamaica.
Location and boundaries
The City of Moreland is located in the inner northern suburbs of Melbourne, about 8 kilometres from the Melbourne CBD. The City of Moreland is bounded by Hume City in the north, Darebin City and Merri Creek in the east, the Cities of Yarra and Melbourne in the south, and the City of Moonee Valley and Moonee Ponds Creek in the west.
The City of Moreland includes the suburbs of Brunswick, Brunswick East, Brunswick West, Coburg, Coburg North, Fawkner, Fitzroy North (part), Glenroy, Gowanbrae, Hadfield, Oak Park, Pascoe Vale, Pascoe Vale South and Tullamarine (part).
The City of Moreland is predominantly residential, with substantial industrial and commercial areas. The main commercial areas are concentrated along Sydney Road in both Brunswick and Coburg, with smaller retail areas along Lygon Street in Brunswick East and around the railway station at Glenroy. The City encompasses a total land area of 51 square kilometres.
The City of Moreland is served by Citylink, the Western Ring Road, Sydney Road, Bell Street, Brunswick Road, Pascoe Vale Road, the Craigieburn and Upfield railway lines and various tram lines.
European settlement dates from the 1830s, with land used mainly for grazing. Population was minimal until the 1850s, with development initially in the southern suburbs of Brunswick and Coburg. Residential growth took place from the 1880s into the early 1900s, aided by industrial growth and the opening of the railway line and tramlines. By the post-war period, development was focused mainly in the northern suburbs. The population of the City declined slightly during the early 1990s, falling from about 133,000 in 1991 to about 130,000 in 1996. The population then increased gradually, rising to about 146,000 in 2011. Recent growth has largely been from new housing developments in Gowanbrae and on the former Pentridge Prison site in Coburg, and to a lesser extent from urban renewal in Brunswick and Brunswick East.
The original inhabitants of the Moreland area were the Wurundjeri Aboriginal people.