Shire of Mundaring
About the area
ABS ERP 2019
Education and Training
Mundaring is thought to be named from an Aboriginal word meaning "a high place on a high place" or "the place of the grass tree leaves".
Location and boundaries
The Shire of Mundaring is located on the eastern fringe of Perth, about 35 kilometres from the Perth CBD. The Shire of Mundaring is bounded by the Shire of Toodyay in the north, the Shires of Northam and York in the east, the City of Kalamunda in the south, and the City of Swan in the west and north-west.
The Shire of Mundaring includes the townships, villages and rural localities of Bailup, Beechina, Bellevue (part), Boya, Chidlow, Darlington, Glen Forrest, Gorrie, Greenmount, Helena Valley, Hovea, Mahogany Creek, Malmalling, Midvale (part), Mount Helena, Mundaring, Parkerville, Sawyers Valley, Stoneville, Swan View (part), The Lakes and Wooroloo.
The Shire of Mundaring is a predominantly rural area, with residential areas in numerous townships. The Shire encompasses a total land area of 644 square kilometres, of which nearly half is National Park, State Forest or water catchments. The bulk of the population live in the townships. Tourism is an important industry. Rural land is used mainly for farming, with some wineries in more recent years.
The Shire of Mundaring is served by the Great Eastern Highway and the Great Southern Highway.
European settlement dates from the 1840s. Land was used mainly for timber-cutting, quarrying, vineyards, orcharding and poultry farming. Population was minimal until the 1880s, with villages established mainly along the railway line and the Great Eastern Highway. Growth took place during the late 1800s and into the early 1900s, aided by the construction of the Mundaring Weir, improved access and tourism. The most significant development occurred in the post-war years, particularly during the 1970s and 1980s. The population grew from about 9,000 in 1966 to 26,000 in 1986. Growth began to slow from the early 1990s, with the population increasing gradually from 29,000 in 1991 to nearly 36,000 in 2011.
The original inhabitants of the Mundaring area were the Nyungar Aboriginal people.