Town of Port Hedland
About the area
The Town of Port Hedland is located in the Pilbara Region of Western Australia, about 1,800 kilometres north of the Perth CBD. The Town of Port Hedland is bounded by the Indian Ocean in the north, the Shire of East Pilbara in the east and south-east, the Shire of Ashburton in the south-west, and the City of Karratha in the west.
Included AreasThe Town of Port Hedland includes the localities of Boodarie, De Grey, Indee, Marble Bar (part), Mundabullangana, Pippingarra, Port Hedland, Redbank, South Hedland, Strelley, Wallareenya and Wedgefield.
Land UseThe Town of Port Hedland is predominantly rural, with small townships at Port Hedland and South Hedland. The Town encompasses a total land area of over 18,000 square kilometres. Iron ore mining is the main industry, with some gas and salt production. The Town includes significant industrial areas. Rural land is used mainly for cattle grazing.
Name OriginThe Town of Port Hedland is named after Captain Peter Hedland, who discovered the entrance to the harbour in 1863.
Indigenous MeaningThe original inhabitants of the Town of Port Hedland were the Kariyarra, Nyamal and Ngarla Aboriginal people.
SettlementEuropean settlement dates from the late 1800s, with land used mainly for sheep and cattle grazing. Population was minimal until the late 1890s, when Port Hedland developed as a port. A railway line was constructed from Port Hedland to Marble Bar in 1911. Significant development did not occur until 1965 when iron ore mining commenced, resulting in substantial population and housing growth in and around the Port Hedland township. The township of South Hedland was established in the early 1970s as a satellite suburb. The Port Hedland Immigration Detention Centre opened in 1991 and closed in 2004, using the former BHP single men’s quarters as a detention centre for refugees, with a capacity of 600 people. The population of the Town fluctuated in recent years, with population growth during the construction phases of industrial and port infrastructure projects.
Major FeaturesMajor features of the Town include Port Hedland Visitor Centre, BHP Billiton Nelson Point Operations, Port Hedland BHP Tour, Port Hedland Boulevard shopping centre, South Hedland Square shopping centre, Port Plaza Arcade, Port Headland Seafarers Centre, Dalgety House Museum, Don Rhodes Mining and Transport Museum, Port Hedland Courthouse Gallery, Spinifex Hill Studios, Cemetery Beach, Pretty Pool Beach, Koombana Lookout, North Regional TAFE (Pundulmurra/Hedland Campus), Hedland Health Campus, Wirraka Maya Health Service, Matt Dann Theatre and Cinema, Wanangkura Stadium, Marquee Park Splash and Play, Gratwick Aquatic Centre, South Hedland Aquatic Centre, Port Hedland Golf Club, Civic Centre Gardens and South Hedland Town Square.
TransportThe Town of Port Hedland is served by the Great Northern Highway, the North West Coastal Highway, the Port of Port Hedland and Port Hedland International Airport.