The District Council of Peterborough area is located in the Yorke and Mid North Region of South Australia, about 250 kilometres north of the Adelaide CBD. The District Council of Peterborough area is bounded by Unincorporated South Australia in the north and east, the Regional Council of Goyder area in the south, and the Northern Areas Council area and the District Council of Orroroo Carrieton area in the west.
The District Council of Peterborough area includes the localities of Cavenagh, Dawson, Hardy, Minvalara, Nackara, Oodla Wirra, Paratoo, Parnaroo, Peterborough, Sunnybrae, Ucolta and Yongala.
The District Council of Peterborough area is predominantly rural, with a township at Peterborough and a smaller township at Yongala. Rural land is used largely for agriculture, particularly wheat growing and grazing. The Council area encompasses a total land area of about 3,000 square kilometres.
The District Council of Peterborough is thought to be named after either Peter Doecke, an original landholder in the area, or ‘Peters Store’, the first general store in the area.
The original inhabitants of the District Council of Peterborough area were the Ngadjuri Aboriginal people.
European settlement of the area dates from the 1850s, with land used mainly for sheep and cattle grazing. Population was minimal until the 1870s when the township of Peterborough was established. Rapid growth took place from the 1870s into the 1910s in and around the township, aided by the opening of railway lines, with the railway providing a link between iron ore mines at Broken Hill to the east, and iron and steel processing at Port Pirie to the west. The population gradually declined from the 1960s.
Major features of the Council area include Steamtown Heritage Rail Centre, Town Carriage Museum, Greg Duggan Nature Reserve, Dragons Rest Habitat Garden, Peterborough Soldiers’ Memorial Hospital and Peterborough Golf Club.
The District Council of Peterborough area is served by the Barrier Highway.
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