City of Tea Tree Gully
About the area
ABS ERP 2017
Tea Tree Gully is named for the area as it was first seen - a steep gully where the native 'tea-tree' grew.
Location and boundaries
The City of Tea Tree Gully is located in Adelaide's north eastern suburbs, between 9 and 25 kilometres north-east of the Adelaide GPO. The City of Tea Tree Gully is bounded by the City of Playford in the north, the Adelaide Hills Council area in the east, the City of Campbelltown in the south and the Cities of Port Adelaide Enfield and Salisbury in the west.
The City of Tea Tree Gully includes the suburbs of Banksia Park, Dernancourt (part), Fairview Park, Gilles Plains (part), Golden Grove, Gould Creek (part), Greenwith, Gulfview Heights (part), Highbury, Holden Hill (part), Hope Valley, Houghton (part), Modbury, Modbury Heights, Modbury North, Paracombe (part), Para Hills (part), Redwood Park, Ridgehaven, Salisbury East (part), Salisbury Heights (part), St Agnes, Surrey Downs, Tea Tree Gully, Upper Hermitage (part), Valley View (part), Vista, Wynn Vale and Yatala Vale.
The City of Tea Tree Gully is a predominantly residential area. The City encompasses a total land area of about 95 square kilometres. Areas in the west of the City comprise established and newly developed residential suburbs, while in the City's east, the Hills interface zone provides a rural backdrop. The north-east of the City includes an established extractive industry area as well as the catchment area of the Little Para Reservoir.
The City of Tea Tree Gully is served by North East Road, Lower North East Road, Gorge Road and the Northeast Busway (O-Bahn).
European settlement dates from the late 1830s, with land used mainly for orcharding, cropping, farming and vineyards. A number of small townships developed including Tea Tree Gully, Hope Valley and Modbury. Some growth took place in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Significant development did not occur until the 1950s. In the 1960s, residential development exploded, with the southern half of the City established by the late 1970s. The 1980s and 1990s saw the development of the Golden Grove Development Area (Golden Grove and Greenwith) in the north of the City. The population of the City increased during the 1990s, rising from 84,000 in 1991 to about 95,000 in 2001. The population declined marginally from 2001, falling to about 94,000 in 2006, and then was relatively stable to 2011. Today, the City of Tea Tree Gully is nearing the end of large scale residential land release and is an established residential area.
The original inhabitants of the Tea Tree Gully area were the Kaurna Aboriginal people.