The Hills Shire

Location quotient by industry

In 2019/20, Retail Trade was a major specialisation in The Hills Shire in terms of Employment (Total).

The location quotient is a simple way of seeing which are the main industries in an area, relative to the wider region. LQ shows the percentage of the local economy characteristic (eg. employment, value add) in a particular industry divided by the percentage of the wider area (region, state, nation) that this industry makes up.

  • Where LQ=1, that industry is exactly as prevalent as in the wider region.
  • A LQ greater than 1.2 indicates a significant specialisation of the industry in the local area – possibly a key economic strength. Higher numbers mean greater specialisations. Anything over 2 is a major specialisation.
  • A LQ between 0.8 and 1.2 means the industry is broadly similar in importance in the local area compared to the comparison region and could be seen as representative.
  • An LQ under 0.8 indicates an industry which is more important in the region than the local area, and may represent an economic weakness or opportunity for growth.

LQs should be analysed in combination with the proportional economic share that industry represents. For example, an industry with an LQ of 2 reveals a specialisation but if that industry only represents 3% of the local economy, it may not be significant. Compare with the figures on the Employment by industry (Total), Employment by industry (FTE), Value added pages for this context. National Economics (NIEIR) - Modelled series

Data source

National Economics (NIEIR) - Modelled series

Current benchmark:
Comparison year:
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Location quotient
The Hills Shire - Employment (Total)2019/202014/15Change
Industry (Click rows to view sub-categories)%. New South Wales%Location Quotient New South Wales%. New South Wales%Location Quotien New South Wales2019/20 - 2014/15
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing1.12.10.530.92.30.41+0.31
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services0.41.10.360.41.10.35+0.02
Wholesale Trade3.
Retail Trade23.99.72.4618.410.01.85+0.33
Accommodation and Food Services4.96.90.716.17.20.86-0.16
Transport, Postal and Warehousing1.
Information Media and Telecommunications1.12.20.491.32.40.53-0.08
Financial and Insurance Services3.05.20.583.45.10.67-0.13
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services2.
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services9.39.70.9510.38.41.22-0.22
Administrative and Support Services2.13.30.632.83.50.80-0.21
Public Administration and Safety1.86.00.312.15.90.35-0.12
Education and Training6.37.90.808.78.61.01-0.21
Health Care and Social Assistance13.613.01.0512.112.40.98+0.07
Arts and Recreation Services1.21.60.741.51.60.90-0.18
Other Services3.
Total Industries1001001.00100100+1.000

Source: National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) ©2021. Compiled and presented in by .id (informed decisions). NIEIR-ID data are adjusted each year, using updated employment estimates. Each release may change previous years’ figures. Learn more

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Dominant groups

A location quotient of greater than 1.2 is generally considered a level of industry specialisation, while a LQ of 0.8 or less indicates an industry which doesn’t have a major presence in the area.

An analysis of employment (total) in The Hills Shire in 2019/20 shows the three industries with the highest location quotient relative to New South Wales were:

  • Retail Trade (2.5 )
  • Construction (1.4 )
  • Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services (1.2 )

The three industries with the lowest location quotient relative to New South Wales were:

  • Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services (0.4 )
  • Public Administration and Safety (0.3 )
  • Transport, Postal and Warehousing (0.2 )

Emerging groups

Changes in location quotients over time reveal emerging or declining industry specialisations.

The largest changes in the employment (total) LQ between 2014/15 and 2019/20 in The Hills Shire were for these industries:

  • Mining (+1.0)
  • Retail Trade (+0.3)
  • Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (+0.3)
  • Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (-0.2)

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The Hills Shire Council

economic profile