Rural City of Wangaratta
About the area
ABS ERP 2017
Health Care and Social Assistance
The Rural City of Wangaratta is thought to be named from an Aboriginal word meaning "nesting place of cormorants".
Location and boundaries
The Rural City of Wangaratta is located in north-eastern Victoria, about 235 kilometres north-east of the Melbourne CBD. The Rural City of Wangaratta is bounded by Indigo Shire in the north, Alpine Shire in the east, Wellington Shire and Mansfield Shire in the south, and Benalla Rural City and Moira Shire in the west.
The Rural City of Wangaratta includes the localities of Archerton (part), Bobinawarrah, Boorhaman, Boorhaman East, Boorhaman North, Boralma, Boweya (part), Bowmans Forest, Bowser, Byawatha, Carboor, Cheshunt, Cheshunt South, Docker, Dockers Plains, East Wangaratta, Edi, Edi Upper, Eldorado, Everton, Everton Upper, Glenrowan (part), Greta, Greta South, Greta West, Hansonville, Killawarra, King Valley, Laceby, Londrigan, Markwood, Meadow Creek, Milawa, Moyhu, Murmungee, Myrrhee (part), North Wangaratta, Oxley, Oxley Flats, Peechelba (part), Peechelba East, Rose River, Springhurst, Tarrawingee, Tolmie (part), Upper Lurg (part), Wabonga, Waldara, Wangandary, Wangaratta, Wangaratta South, Whitfield, Whitlands, Whorouly, Whorouly East and Whorouly South.
The Rural City of Wangaratta is predominantly a rural area, but has significant residential areas in and around the city of Wangaratta. Smaller townships include Eldorado, Everton, Glenrowan, Milawa, Moyhu, Oxley, Peechelba, Springhurst, Tarrawingee, Whitfield and Whorouly. The Rural City encompasses a total land area of about 3,600 square kilometres, including substantial areas of national park. Rural land is used largely for agriculture, including viticulture.
The Rural City of Wangaratta is served by the Hume Freeway, the Murray Valley Highway, the Great Alpine Road and the Melbourne to Wodonga railway line.
European settlement dates from the late 1830s, with land used mainly for grazing and crop growing. The township of Wangaratta was laid out in 1849, developing as a service centre to the surrounding farming district. Growth took place from the late 1850s, largely due to gold discoveries in the Ovens Valley, with mining in Eldorado until 1954. Several small townships were established from the 1850s to the 1870s, including Glenrowan, Milawa, Moyhu, Oxley and Springhurst. More substantial population growth took place during the late 1800s, aided by the opening of the railway line from Melbourne in 1873 and industrial growth. Rapid growth took place in the immediate post-war years, with growth through to the late 1970s. The population declined slightly during the 1980s and 1990s, and then increased marginally from the early 2000s.
The original inhabitants of the Rural City of Wangaratta were the Pangerang and Ya-itma-thang Aboriginal people.