City of Melbourne

Market characteristics

The City of Melbourne has a lower proportion of households in the medium to high income category compared to Victoria.

The people who live in an area are one of the most important resources that an economy draws upon, both as a market that consumes goods and services and as a source of labour.

This table provides an overview of the City of Melbourne's population demographics, and how their characteristics compare to those of the broader region.

More detailed information about the City of Melbourne's resident population, including neighbourhood profiles, can be found in the Community Profile.

Data source

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) – Census 2011 and 2016 – by usual residence

Current benchmark:
Market characteristics
City of Melbourne20162011Change
NameNumber%. VictoriaNumber%. Victoria2016 - 2011
Population summary--------------
Total residents135,959100.0100.093,621100.0100.0+42,338
Age structure--------------
0 - 14 years8,7326.418.26,6527.118.7+2,080
15 - 24 years40,34729.713.025,88527.613.5+14,462
25 - 54 years70,23551.741.848,39351.742.3+21,842
55 - 64 Years7,7945.711.46,5557.011.4+1,239
65 years and over8,8326.515.66,1366.614.2+2,696
Education institute attending--------------
Primary school2,6842.07.91,8812.07.7+803
Secondary school2,5151.86.12,1172.36.5+398
Total overseas born75,66255.728.344,47047.526.2+31,192
Speaks language other than English at home65,32748.025.935,69938.123.0+29,628
Speaks another language, and English not well or not at all9,3206.94.54,5144.84.0+4,806
Bachelor or higher degree57,08544.924.337,31242.920.8+19,773
Advanced Diploma or Diploma9,1397.29.26,3567.38.4+2,783
Certificate level6,8275.416.95,1355.916.4+1,692
No qualification36,62828.839.625,91829.843.9+10,710
Household income--------------
Nill to $64916,48327.418.3--------
$650 to $1,49912,73621.229.0--------
$1,500 to $2,44912,27620.422.2--------
$2,500 or more 12,56820.920.2--------
Housing tenure--------------
Dwelling structure--------------
Separate house2,0802.872.12,3524.475.8-272
Medium house11,01914.619.411,47921.618.1-460
High density61,44981.47.439,00273.45.3+22,447

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id (informed decisions). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics,

City of Melbourne

economic profile