City of Whitehorse
About the area
ABS ERP 2017
Health Care and Social Assistance
Whitehorse is named after Whitehorse Road which was named after the White Horse Inn, a tavern located in Box Hill in the late 1800s.
Location and boundaries
The City of Whitehorse is located in Melbourne's middle eastern suburbs, between 12 and 22 kilometres east of the Melbourne CBD. The City of Whitehorse is bounded by the City of Manningham in the north, the Cities of Maroondah and Knox in the east, the City of Monash in the south, and the City of Boroondara in the west. The City's boundaries are Koonung Creek, Worrell Street, Mitcham Road, Chippewa Avenue and Mullum Mullum Creek in the north, Dampier Grove, Heatherdale Road and Dandenong Creek in the east, Highbury Road in the south, and Warrigal Road, Alexandra Crescent, Windsor Crescent, Wilson Street, York Street, Barloa Road, Carlyle Street, Carrick Street, Kinsale Crescent, Kerry Parade, Evelina Street, Winfield Road and Sweyn Street in the west.
The City of Whitehorse includes the suburbs of Balwyn North (part), Blackburn, Blackburn North, Blackburn South, Box Hill, Box Hill North, Box Hill South, Burwood (part), Burwood East, Forest Hill, Mitcham, Mont Albert (part), Mont Albert North, Nunawading (part), Surrey Hills (part), Vermont (part) and Vermont South.
The City of Whitehorse is a predominantly residential area, but also has substantial commercial areas, and some industrial land use. The City encompasses a total land area of about 64 square kilometres.
The City of Whitehorse is served by the Eastern Freeway, Burwood Highway, Whitehorse Road, the Box Hill and Vermont South tram routes and the Belgrave and Lilydale railway lines.
European settlement dates from the 1840s. Population was minimal until the 1880s, following the construction of the Lilydale/Belgrave railway line. Early development was focussed on the railway line, with development spreading out to the north and south, particularly in the post-war period. The most significant development occurred during the interwar and post-war periods. The population of the City increased slightly from the mid 1990s, rising from about 135,000 in 1996 to nearly 150,000 in 2011.
The original inhabitants of the Whitehorse area were the Wurundjeri Aboriginal people.