City of Sydney

Employment by industry (FTE)

In the City of Sydney, Professional, Scientific and Technical Services is the largest employer, generating 159,988 FTE jobs in 2020/21.

Full-time equivalent (FTE) employment is modelled by NIEIR and takes into account differences in hours worked between industry sectors. It is a measure that allows direct comparison of employment between industries in the City of Sydney.

Typically, industries such as Retail Trade and Accommodation and Food Services, which employ many part-time workers, have lower FTE employment than total employment.

FTE employment is calculated directly by dividing the total hours worked in each industry by 38. By comparing the number of full-time equivalent jobs in each industry sector to a regional benchmark, you can clearly see the structure of the City of Sydney's economy. This can be done by directly comparing the area to its benchmark, or by using a location quotient to look at the relative size of industries.

FTE employment should be viewed in conjunction with Employment by industry (Total) and Employment by industry (Census), for a full understanding of the industry breakdown in the area. Worker productivity data shows the value of a worker in each industry to the local economy. Employment locations shows where employment is taking place in each industry sector.

Data source

National Economics (NIEIR) - Modelled series

Please note: FTE employment is derived from Census data but has been corrected for the known undercount of employment in the Census. Detailed notes about how the figures are derived can be found in thespecific topic notes section.
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Full-time equivalent employment by industry sector
City of Sydney2020/212015/16Change
IndustryNumber%. New South WalesNumber%. New South Wales2015/16 - 2020/21
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing5870.12.66750.12.8-88
Mining2,1010.31.32,2040.41.3-103
Manufacturing9,3901.57.111,1962.07.7-1,806
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services3,6700.61.24,6600.91.2-990
Construction25,0674.19.827,4575.09.6-2,391
Wholesale Trade7,9961.33.311,1902.03.8-3,194
Retail Trade27,2284.58.526,3964.88.6+832
Accommodation and Food Services31,3395.24.930,5765.65.7+763
Transport, Postal and Warehousing22,3293.75.417,8723.35.8+4,456
Information Media and Telecommunications33,2625.52.232,8256.02.5+438
Financial and Insurance Services103,48417.15.696,71817.65.3+6,766
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services17,7712.91.815,2732.82.0+2,497
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services159,98826.411.4128,45923.410.2+31,529
Administrative and Support Services25,1254.13.023,7224.33.3+1,403
Public Administration and Safety51,9228.66.337,6326.95.6+14,290
Education and Training34,2705.78.328,3955.27.7+5,875
Health Care and Social Assistance26,5414.412.326,8384.911.5-297
Arts and Recreation Services12,4922.11.513,9542.51.6-1,461
Other Services11,5951.93.612,0972.23.9-503
Total industries606,156100.0100.0548,140100.0100.0+58,016

Source: National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) ©2021. Compiled and presented in economy.id by .id (informed decisions). NIEIR-ID data are adjusted each year, using updated employment estimates. Each release may change previous years’ figures. Learn more

Please refer to specific data notes for more information
Did you know? By clicking/tapping on a category in the chart below you will be able to drilldown to the sub categories.
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Dominant groups

An analysis of the jobs held by the full-time equivalent local workers in the City of Sydney in 2020/21 shows the three largest industries were:

  • Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (159,988 people or 26.4%)
  • Financial and Insurance Services (103,484 people or 17.1%)
  • Public Administration and Safety (51,922 people or 8.6%)

In combination these three fields accounted for 315,394 people in total or 52.0% of the local workers.

In comparison, New South Wales employed 11.4% in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services; 5.6% in Financial and Insurance Services and 6.3% in Public Administration and Safety.

The major differences between the jobs held by the full-time equivalent local workers of the City of Sydney and New South Wales were:

  • A larger percentage of full-time equivalent local workers employed in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (26.4% compared to 11.4%)
  • A larger percentage of full-time equivalent local workers employed in Financial and Insurance Services (17.1% compared to 5.6%)
  • A smaller percentage of full-time equivalent local workers employed in Health Care and Social Assistance (4.4% compared to 12.3%)
  • A smaller percentage of full-time equivalent local workers employed in Construction (4.1% compared to 9.8%)

Emerging groups

The number of full-time equivalent local workers in the City of Sydney increased by increased by 58,016 between 2015/16 and 2020/21.

The largest changes in the jobs held by the full-time equivalent local workers between 2015/16 and 2020/21 in the City of Sydney were for those employed in:

  • Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (+31,529 full-time equivalent local workers)
  • Public Administration and Safety (+14,290 full-time equivalent local workers)
  • Financial and Insurance Services (+6,766 full-time equivalent local workers)
  • Education and Training (+5,875 full-time equivalent local workers)

City of Sydney

economic profile