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Toowoomba

Location quotient by industry

In 2017/18, Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing was a major specialisation in Toowoomba in terms of Employment (Total).

The location quotient is a simple way of seeing which are the main industries in an area, relative to the wider region. LQ shows the percentage of the local economy characteristic (eg. employment, value add) in a particular industry divided by the percentage of the wider area (region, state, nation) that this industry makes up.

  • Where LQ=1, that industry is exactly as prevalent as in the wider region.
  • A LQ greater than 1.2 indicates a significant specialisation of the industry in the local area – possibly a key economic strength. Higher numbers mean greater specialisations. Anything over 2 is a major specialisation.
  • A LQ between 0.8 and 1.2 means the industry is broadly similar in importance in the local area compared to the comparison region and could be seen as representative.
  • An LQ under 0.8 indicates an industry which is more important in the region than the local area, and may represent an economic weakness or opportunity for growth.

LQs should be analysed in combination with the proportional economic share that industry represents. For example, an industry with an LQ of 2 reveals a specialisation but if that industry only represents 3% of the local economy, it may not be significant. Compare with the figures on the Employment by industry (Total), Employment by industry (FTE), Value added pages for this context.

National Economics (NIEIR) - Modelled series

Did you know? By clicking/tapping on a data row in the table you will be able to see sub categories.
Location quotient
Toowoomba - Employment (Total)2017/182012/13Change
Industry
(Click rows to view sub-categories)
%Queensland %Location Quotient (Queensland)%Queensland %Location Quotient (Queensland)2012/13 to 2017/18
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing6.92.92.425.92.82.10+0.15
Mining2.32.60.901.92.90.66+0.37
Manufacturing7.06.51.078.47.71.09-0.02
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services1.31.11.151.51.41.02+0.13
Construction8.19.70.847.69.90.77+0.08
Wholesale Trade2.82.51.123.63.41.07+0.05
Retail Trade9.310.20.9210.510.31.02-0.10
Accommodation and Food Services6.27.60.825.87.10.820
Transport, Postal and Warehousing4.75.10.924.55.40.83+0.11
Information Media and Telecommunications0.71.20.571.21.40.87-0.35
Financial and Insurance Services2.62.51.022.92.71.08-0.05
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services1.41.90.731.82.00.89-0.18
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services5.36.30.844.56.60.68+0.24
Administrative and Support Services2.43.60.682.33.40.69-0.02
Public Administration and Safety6.56.60.996.86.61.02-0.03
Education and Training10.49.91.0510.78.51.26-0.16
Health Care and Social Assistance17.113.91.2214.712.21.21+0.02
Arts and Recreation Services1.01.70.601.11.60.69-0.14
Other Services3.84.00.964.24.01.05-0.09

Source: National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) ©2018. Compiled and presented in economy.id by .id , the population experts.

NIEIR-ID data are adjusted each year, using updated employment estimates. Each release may change previous years’ figures.Learn more
Location quotient is the percentage of total in the area relative to the same percentage in the selected benchmark area.

Location quotient by industry sector 2017/18
Location quotient by industry sector 2017/18 Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 2.42 Mining for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.90 Manufacturing for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 1.07 Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 1.15 Construction for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.84 Wholesale Trade for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 1.12 Retail Trade for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.92 Accommodation and Food Services for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.82 Transport, Postal and Warehousing for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.92 Information Media and Telecommunications for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.57 Financial and Insurance Services for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 1.02 Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.73 Professional, Scientific and Technical Services for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.84 Administrative and Support Services for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.68 Public Administration and Safety for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.99 Education and Training for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 1.05 Health Care and Social Assistance for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 1.22 Arts and Recreation Services for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.60 Other Services for Toowoomba relative to Queensland location quotient: 0.96
Source: National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) ©2018
Compiled and presented in economy.id by .id the population experts
Change in LQ by industry sector, 2012/13 to 2017/18
Change in LQ by industry sector, 2012/13 to 2017/18 Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing, Change: 0.15 Mining, Change: 0.37 Manufacturing, Change: -0.02 Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services, Change: 0.13 Construction, Change: 0.08 Wholesale Trade, Change: 0.05 Retail Trade, Change: -0.10 Accommodation and Food Services, Change: 0 Transport, Postal and Warehousing, Change: 0.11 Information Media and Telecommunications, Change: -0.35 Financial and Insurance Services, Change: -0.05 Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services, Change: -0.18 Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, Change: 0.24 Administrative and Support Services, Change: -0.02 Public Administration and Safety, Change: -0.03 Education and Training, Change: -0.16 Health Care and Social Assistance, Change: 0.02 Arts and Recreation Services, Change: -0.14 Other Services, Change: -0.09
Source: National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) ©2018
Compiled and presented in economy.id by .id the population experts

Dominant groups

A location quotient of greater than 1.2 is generally considered a level of industry specialisation, while a LQ of 0.8 or less indicates an industry which doesn’t have a major presence in the area.

An analysis of employment (Total) in Toowoomba in 2017/18 shows the three industries with the highest location quotient relative to Queensland were:

  • Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (2.4)
  • Health Care and Social Assistance (1.2)
  • Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services (1.2)

The three industries with the lowest location quotient relative to Queensland were:

  • Information Media and Telecommunications (0.6)
  • Arts and Recreation Services (0.6)
  • Administrative and Support Services (0.7)

Emerging groups

Changes in location quotients over time reveal emerging or declining industry specialisations.

The largest changes in the employment (Total) LQ between 2012/13 and 2017/18 in Toowoomba were for these industries:

  • Mining (+0.4)
  • Information Media and Telecommunications (-0.3)
  • Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (+0.2)
  • Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services (-0.2)

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