City of Parramatta
About the area
ABS ERP 2017
Health Care and Social Assistance
The City of Parramatta is named from an Aboriginal word meaning "the place where eels lie down".
Location and boundaries
The City of Parramatta is located in Sydney's western suburbs, about 24 kilometres from the Sydney CBD. The City of Parramatta is bounded by The Hills Shire and Hornsby Shire in the north, the City of Ryde and the City of Canada Bay in the east, the Strathfield Council area and the Cumberland Council area in the south, and Blacktown City in the west.
The City of Parramatta includes the suburbs of Auburn (part), Baulkham Hills (part), Beecroft (part), Camellia, Carlingford (part), Cheltenham (part), Clyde, Constitution Hill, Dundas, Dundas Valley, Eastwood (part), Epping, Ermington, Granville (part), Harris Park, Holroyd (part), Lidcombe (part), Mays Hill (part), Melrose Park (part), Merrylands (part), Newington, North Parramatta, North Rocks (part), Northmead, Oatlands, Old Toongabbie, Parramatta, Pendle Hill (part), Rosehill, Rydalmere, Seven Hills (part), Silverwater, Sydney Olympic Park (part), Telopea, Toongabbie (part), Wentworth Point, Wentworthville (part), Westmead (part) and Winston Hills (part).
The City of Parramatta is predominantly residential, but also has significant industrial, institutional, commercial, recreational and parkland areas. The City encompasses a total land area of over 80 square kilometres.
The City of Parramatta is served by the Western (M4) Motorway, the Hills (M2) Motorway, the Great Western Highway, various railway lines (Carlingford, Cumberland, Emu Plains, Northern, North Shore, Olympic Park and Western), and several ferries.
European settlement of the area dates from 1788, with land used mainly for farming. The township of Parramatta was established in 1790, with development starting south of the Parramatta River, then progressing to the north. Population was minimal until the 1850s, aided by the construction of the railway line. Expansion continued during the late 1800s, with Parramatta becoming a commercial centre for the western Sydney area. Growth resumed in the 1920s. The most significant development occurred from the post-war years, with the population booming during the 1950s and 1960s, aided by industrial growth, immigration and the establishment of several public housing estates. Growth continued from the 1970s, although at a slower rate. The population continued to increase steadily from the early 1990s, rising from about 152,000 in 1991 to about 195,000 in 2011. Recent growth was due mainly to urban consolidation (medium and high density housing) in existing residential areas, and the redevelopment of former industrial areas in the south-eastern suburbs. The Sydney 2000 Olympic Games were the impetus for significant growth in the areas closest to Sydney, with redevelopment into sporting, recreation and entertainment venues, and the construction of medium and high density housing. Growth is expected to continue in these southern areas, aided by rezoning and the continued development of former industrial and government land.
The original inhabitants of the Parramatta area were the Dharug Aboriginal people.